What is Root Canal Treatment?
Bacterial invasion, dental caries or an injury, damages the tooth surface to the extent that it infects the tooth pulp. The tooth pulp consists of nerves, blood vessels and other connecting tissues. The damage to the tooth pulp, if untreated for a long time, may cause decay of the bones and tissues around.
Root Canal Treatment is the procedure to remove the infected pulp, cleaning and filling of the canals and finally seal the cavity with a biocompatible material, gutta percha and then cover it with crown.
When it is required?
Patients often complain about a shooting pain, while lying down or while chewing or while having hot and cold food.The affected tooth develops cracks or has a deep cavity followed by pain. Proper examination by a dentist reveals destruction of the tooth even in the absence of pain or an abscess formation or inflammation inside or outside the gums.
Root Canal Treatment Procedure:
The dentist examines the extent of the damage to the tooth by taking an X-Ray. He then removes the pulp by drilling and entering the root of the tooth. The root canal is cleaned with specialised instruments. It is then disinfected and filled with biocompatible material called Gutta-percha and then sealed. The last step in the procedure is the restoration of a crown. Placing of the crown is necessary as the tooth tends to become brittle after the Root Canal Treatment. The crown prevents further damage to the tooth and the chances of a fracture.
Types:The different types of crown are:
- All Ceramic
- Porcelain-fused-to-metal ceramic
In certain cases where the tooth is severely decayed and there is extensive loss to the tooth structure, Post and Core Treatment is required.
Post Treatment care:
- Try and avoid extremely hard food items.
- Try and avoid eating sticky food as crown can come out.
- Regular check up is advised for long term results.
A root canal procedure, when carried out by a professional expert, lasts for many years. It is a safe and painless way of retaining your original tooth and its aesthetic beauty.The procedure can be done under local anaesthesia. At Swastik Dental Care, our team of experts offer best quality Root Canal Treatment services at an affordable cost.